Situated in Orkhon province, approximately 375 km from Ulaanbaatar, Erdenet is Mongolia’s third largest city. The city was established in 1975 in order to exploit the large copper ore deposit in the vicinity of the current conurbation. Erdenet currently lays claim to the largest per capita GRDP in Mongolia, at US$ 6,400, as a result of the operations of the Erdenet Mining Corporation’s activities. Once established, Erdenet became the capital of Orkhon province.
The province itself is home to around 89,000 inhabitants and is one of only three provinces (not including the capital city) to have experienced positive net migration over the past decade.