Remains of Mongolia’s earliest inhabitants have been uncovered by archeological digs in the Gobi and other regions dating back nearly 750.000 years. The Mongols  created the largest empire the world has ever seen. Unlike earlier nomadic empires that dominated only the steppe lands, the Mongols conquered most Eurasia, destroying powerful and well-armed sedentary states in states in the process.

209 B.C

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In the second millennium B.C the nomadic tribe, known as the Hunnu, founded the first powerful empire in Northeastern Asia and Shanui (meaning King) governed it.

213 B.C

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Great wall in China was built.

2nd – 4th century AD

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Xiang-bi state.

555

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Turkish state wins Joujan.

745

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Uigar state established.

10th century AD

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Kidan state.

10th-12th century AD

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Various tribes of Mongolian origin lived in vast area of land stretching from the great Gobi desert in the south to Lake Baikal in the north.

1162

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Birth of Chinggis Khaan.

1206

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At Ikhuraldai Chinggis Khaan, the leader of “All the people who live in a felt Ger” and who finally ended up the disintegration of 12th century Mongolia, founded the “Great Mongolian State”.

1207-1226

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Chinggis Khaan conquered the half the world establishing the “Great Mongolian State”.

1227

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Dead of Chinggis khaan.

1229-1235

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Ogodei Khaan ascended to the throne.

1236-1242

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Bat Khaan’s led conquests to Europe.

1240

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“The Secret History of the Mongols”.

1252-1258

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Monkh Khaan’s conquests.

1260-1294

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Khubilai’s conquests.

1466-1504

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Batmonkh Dayan Khaan united disintegrated Mongolia after Chinggis Khaan.

1409

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Mongolian begins to split up.

13th – 15th Century AD

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In Mongolian history there have been 16 great Khaans and small 21 minor between 13th-15th centuries.

18th century AD

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Mongolia was submitted to Manchu rule.

1755 – 1758

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Battle of independence by Amarsanaa, Chingunjav.

1911

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Mongolian independence from Manchu was declared with a theocratic government under the leadership of 8th Bogd Javzandamba Hutagt who came to the throne of the Bogd Khaan (king).

1915

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Mongolian limited autonomy was fully signed by Mongolia, China, and Russia in the Treaty of Khiakta.

1921

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People’s Republic of Mongolia was proclaimed after the victory of Mongolian People’s Revolution and since 1924 Mongolia had been the world’s second communist country.

1937-1939

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This period is recorded in the pages of history as political repression or purge period.

1962

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Mongolia became a member state of United Nations.

1981

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Spaceflight, first and only Mongolian flew into space.

1989-1990

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The Democratic Revolution was won peacefully and the country has changed from a centrally planned system to free market economy.

1992

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First parliamentary election and new construction.