Mongolian language

Mongolian language is one of oldest languages in the world. During the great conquest Mongolian language was near to Lingua Francia. There are some hypothesis that, Altai languages such Mongolian, Turkish and Tunisian are not relative languages, but mutually reflected and interaction and Mongolian language is independent language. So, researches classifying Mongolian language into few sub-classes:

  • Mongolian language for Mongols from Mongolian Republic and Mongols from china’s Inner Mongolia
  • Languages for buryats and kaknyks from Russia.
  • Language for uigurs, mongols and buukhans from China and mogols from Afghanistan.

It is wrong idea, where language substituted by dialects, in dependence from political and administration division. In the reality, only one Mongolian language. The Mongolian script has as great role in the formation and development of Mongolian language. This script had preserved a common literature language, because was formed for adequate service to all of dialects. Unfortunately, Russian Bolsheviks had attached to this common literary language. They had prohibited kalmyks, buraits, and tuvas from 1927 to 1931 to use Mongolian language as a literary language. In 1944, Soviet Union had exported ultimatum-like new script, based on krill script and Mongolian language development had oriented a wrong direction. During the “cultural revolution” inner Mongols had reactioned by Chinese “red defenders” in language.

There are many precious historical, religion and literary creations was wrote with thousands year old Mongolian language and many of them preserved to our generation

Literacy

Mongolians are most script-changed nation. The Huns (Hunnu) used Runa script. Some scientists suggest to name this script as “hunnu” script. Researchers predict that Runa script was used at ancient times and it is very possible that aramey script was derived from Runa. In the 5th century, old Mongolian script was first used in Great Nirun Statem which was derived from “sogd” script, which shares same family with “aramey”.

In honor of Kadma, the author of vowel script, this script is until nowadays named “hudam”.

Kidan scientists used thousands of widely consumed petroglyph and both great script, that’s comprised of vowel-symbols and small script, which is consisted of only vowels. Kidan’s great script is taken by Altan and Tangad states. Similar scripts were initiated and used by Mongolian Toba state in 425. When United Mongolian Stated was founded, Chinggis Khaan declared mongol script, that’s preserved and developed in Mongolian states since Nirun era, as official state script. Mongolian thinkers made up a script based on Mongolian script for Manchus.

Khubilai Khaan initiated an idea to create an international vowel-alphabet, which later was developed into quadrangular-letter. From this letter Koreans made up their traditional script, Chinese invented a form of their calligraphy.

The 16th century linguist Ayush created a Mongolian system of pronunciation, which was already 200 years ahead of fellow European linguists. In 1648, Zaya Bandid created “tod” letter to make Mongolian script more developed, in 1686, Undur Gegeen Zanabazar made up a vertical and horizontal “Soyombo” letters. He offered horizontal quadrangular-letter, as well. In 1905, Tsajid Hamba Agvaandorj introduced “vagindra” letter. Our ancestors also used Tibetan and Arabic letters.

Foreigners in the 20th century had forced our 6 generations to use 6 different Latin letters. Nowadays, Mongolians in different places are using Mongolian, Cyrillic and Arabic scripts.