The southern part of territory of Mongolia is desert. Mongolia is a landlocked country in Northern Asia, strategically located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. Huitenii Orgil (soc.priod. sometimes called Nayrandalin Orgil-Mount Friendship) in extreme western Mongolia, where Mongolian, Russian, and Chinese borders meet, is the highest point (4374 meters). The lowest is 560 meters, an otherwise undistinguished spot in the eastern Mongolian plain. The country has an average elevation of 1580 meter. The landscape includes one of Asia’s largest freshwater lakes (Khovsgol Nuur), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent montane glaciers. Northern mongolia and western Mongolia are seismically active zones, with frequent earthquakes and many hot springs and extinct volcanoes.