Among both migratory and non-migratory birds found in the country, dozens are classified as rare or exotic. In short, Mongolia is a birders paradise.
To date, more than species of birds have been recorded in Mongolia. Of them, more than 490 species are migratory, travelling to and from Mongolia for its excellent breeding and feeding grounds from as far afield as India, Africa, Japan, Australia, and the Mediterranean. Among both migratory and non-migratory birds found in the country, dozens are classified as rare or exotic. In short, Mongolia is a birders paradise.
Species endemic to Mongolia the wider Central Asian region include and Kozlov’s accentor (Prunella kozlovi) and a number of world and regionally endangered species such as White-naped Crane, Siberian Crane (Grus Leucogeranus), Hooded Crane (Grus monacha), Pied Harrier (Cir-cus melanoleucos), Great Bustard (Otus tarda), Eurasian Black or Ci-nerous Vulture (Aegypius monachus), Dalmation Pelican (Pelicanus crispus), Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni), Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea Luecorodia) Relict Gull (Larus relictus), Swan Goose, and Bearded Vulture or Lammergeyer (Gypaetus barbatus).
To protect its rich avian diversity, Mongolia has prioritized the protection of bird habitats, particularly wetland and riparian zones. Gun Galuut Nature reserve outside Ulaanbaatar is home to nine species listed in IUCN’s “World Red List” of rare and endangered birds and one of the easiest places to see the rare White-naped Crane of which there are only 1000 left in the world. The largest raptor in Mongolia the Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus), whose wing span can reach up to 3 meters, is also found here, are two out of four of Mongolia’s endangered eagle species, the Steppe Eagle (Aguila nipalensis) and the Golden Eagle (Aguila chrysaetos).
But visitors need not travel to specially designated areas to spot birds of all sizes and color. Any trip to the open steppes will reveal Mongolia’s wealth of winged wildlife which is easily observed in the vast, open landscapes.